نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 گروه حقوق، دانشکده حقوق، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی تهران جنوب، تهران، ایران
2 دانشیار دانشکده حقوق و علوم سیاسی دانشگاه تهران، تهران،ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
In the analysis of rape, there are two different approaches: the first approach describes rape as "a crime motivated by the exercise of power and control over women under the influence of patriarchal social structures," and the other describes it as "a crime motivated by personal motivation to satisfying sexual needs". The latter approach has been shaped by the neglect of gender and social roles accepted by men and women as distinct social species; It is not surprising, then, that women's advocates emphasize the first view and view rape as a social phenomenon, not merely a biological one. This view, which seeks answers to why rape occurs in existing social and cultural factors, focuses part of rape research on rape myths. Rape myths, negative attitudes, and false beliefs about the crime of rape, rape victims, and perpetrators, all seek to justify rape and shift the burden of responsibility from the rapist to the victim. The present study, using analytical-descriptive method and gathering information required by the library method and reviewing rape cases, has attempted to enumerate these myths and explains how these beliefs and myths lead to the preservation of male domination and are influenced by values and The cultural norms that govern a society promote and perpetuate a culture of rape.