تأملی بر مشروعیت سیاست کشتار هدفمند از منظر حقوق بین‌الملل بشردوستانه

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار دانشگاه حضرت معصومه(س) قم

2 دانشجوی دکتری حقوق بین‌الملل عمومی، دانشکده حقوق، دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

سیاست «کشتار هدفمند» مفهوم جدیدی است که طی سال‌های اخیر توسط رژیم اسرائیل و با پشتیبانی کشورهای غربی به ویژه ایالات‌متحده آمریکا، به منظور ایجاد تردید در اجرای معاهدات حقوق بشری و بشردوستانه، به حوزه ادبیات حقوق بشر و بشردوستانه راه یافته است. کشتار هدفمند به عنوان راهبرد نوین در مبارزه علیه تروریسم، چالش‌هایی جدی در زمینه‌ حقوق بین‌الملل بشردوستانه ایجاده کرده است. این مقاله با طرح ابهامات موجود در این مفهوم، در تلاش است تا مشروعیت توسل به سیاست کشتار هدفمند از سوی برخی از کشورها از جمله، ایالات‌متحده آمریکا و رژیم اسرائیل را تحت اصول پایه‌ای حقوق بین‌الملل بشردوستانه نظیر اصل تفکیک، تناسب و ضرورت مورد ارزیابی حقوقی قرار دهد. در این ارزیابی، نشان داده می‌شود که سیاست کشتار هدفمند در اکثر موارد، ناقض این اصول پایه‌ای بوده و تاکنون یک منطق حقوقی مستند و قابل قبول برای توسل به این راهبرد نوین ارائه نشده است.  
 
 

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Contemplate on the Legitimacy of Targeted Killing Tactics under International Humanitarian Law

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hesamoddin Lesani 1
  • mahvash monfared 2
1 Assistance Professor of Hazrat.e. Masoumeh (Qom) University
2 Ph.D. Student of Public International Law, Faculty of Law, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

"Targeted Killing" tactic is a new concept found its way into realms of Human Rights Law (hereinafter HRL) and International Humanitarian Law (hereinafter IHL) literature by Israel in recent years, supported by western countries and United States of America aimed at casting the implementation of HRL and IHL-related treaties into doubt. Targeted killings as a new strategy in the fight against terrorism, have raised numerous uncertainty in the view of IHL. The present paper, through proposing the existing ambiguities as to the related tactic, aims to assessment the legality of resorting to it by some countries including the United States of America and the Israeli regime, under the basic principles of international humanitarian law, such as the principle of Distinction, Proportionality, and Necessity. In this assessment it is shown that, targeted killing politics in most cases violated these basic principles and has not been provided, a documented and acceptable legal logic for resorting to this new strategy.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Targeted Killing
  • International Humanitarian Law
  • Principle of Distinction
  • Principle of Necessity
  • Principle of Proportionality

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