بررسی ابعاد پیوندهای مختلف اینترنتی از منظر حقوق مؤلف

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه حقوق مالکیت فکری و فضای مجازی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

2 دانشجوی دکترای حقوق خصوصی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

3 دانشجوی دکترای حقوق خصوصی دانشگاه آزاد علوم و تحقیقات تهران

چکیده

امروزه تصور طراحی یک وبگاه اینترنتی بدون استفاده از پیوندها دشوار است. پیوندهای اینترنتی در یکی از سه قالب پیوندهای فرامتنی، تصویری و پنجره‌ای، کاربران را به سرعت و سهولت در فضای وب به گردش در می­آورند، امری که ممکن است حقوق انحصاری صاحبان آثار فکری را در مخاطره قرار دهد.
مهمترین نقطه تلاقی چالشهای پیوندهای اینترنتی با مالکیتهای فکری، در چارچوب نظام کپی‌رایت و موارد احتمالی تعدی به حقوق دارنده‌ی آن متبلور می‌شود. این مقاله می‌کوشد در بستری فنی و حقوقی، اقسام لینک‌ها و کارکرد هریک را در فضای دیجیتال بررسی کرده و حقوق صاحبان وبگاه­ها را در مواجهه با پیوندهای اینترنتی تبیین سازد. همچنین این پژوهش تلاش می‌کند تا در پرتو رویه­ی قضایی و قواعد تثبیت شده حق مؤلف در کشورهای پیشرو و موازین مربوطه در حقوق ایران و به خصوص مقررات قانون تجارت الکترونیک، مواردی را که احتمال دارد پیونددهی به نقض کپی‌رایت منجر شود از موارد مشروع بازشناسی و تبیین نماید.
 
 

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

An Analysis on Different Internet Links from the Perspective of Copyright System

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ebrahim Rahbari 1
  • Saied Nejatzadegan 2
  • Hamid Nejatzadegan 3
1 Assistant Professor of IP Law & Cyber at Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
2 PhD Student in Private Law at Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
3 PhD Student in Private Law at Azad University, Science & Research Branch, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Nowadays, it is almost impossible to design a website without utilizing of links. Different types of Web links (Hyperlinks, IMG links and Frame links) circulate users on the web and refer them into places which linker had determined previously. This issue may endanger exclusive rights of intellectual property holders.
Although sometimes Links had infringed trademarks and somewhere are recognized as unfair trade practice, the most important talented point of their controversies in the intellectual property system is located under the copyright and possible infringement of its exclusive rights.
This article tries to describe technical and legal issues of various types of links and their functions and determine the rights of web page owners in this regard. In addition, this research endeavors to differentiate cases which can be considered as unconventional linking in contrast to legal linking in the light of judicial precedent and related established copy rights in the leading countries and Iranian rules specially Electronic commerce Code.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • : Link
  • Copyright
  • Internet law
  • Cyber Law
  • Infringement

منابع

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