حفره های رژیم منع توسل به زور «بررسی تبعات ماندگار تجاوز به عراق (2003) در حقوق بین‌الملل»

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

عضو هیأت علمی گروه حقوق دانشگاه زابل

چکیده

محور اصلی این مقاله بررسی نقش و جایگاه منشور ملل متحد در ساختمان دعاوی حقوقی مطروحه توسط ایالات‌متحده امریکا و انگلیس در جریان تهاجم به عراق در سال 2003 میلادی و تبعات رفع وصف فعل متخلفانه از عمل تهاجمی آن‌ها بر اساس قواعد منع توسل به زور در منشور ملل متحد است. فرض علمی مقاله این است که علی‌رغم عدم وجاهت حقوقی دعاوی مطروحه دول فوق‌الذکر، موارد منع کاربرد نیروی قاهره مندرج در منشور ملل متحد، در عمل از قابلیت‌های تفسیری چندگانه برخوردار گشته است و مقاومت شورای امنیت در برابر پذیرش این تفاسیر، قدرت‌های را به سمتی سوق داده است تا ضمن متعهد نشان دادن خود به حفظ نظم جهانی مبتنی بر منشور، از قواعد مشروعیت زای حقوق بشری و اخلاقی برای موجه ساختن اقدامات نظامی خود بهره بگیرند. تداوم این گشاده‌دستی در کاربرد زور، حفره‌های موجود در رژیم بین‌المللی منع توسل به زور را تا بدان جا بسیط خواهد کرد که آمریت قاعده ضرورت الزام دولت‌ها به استنادهای درون منشوری تا حد بی‌سابقه‌ای از بین خواهد رفت.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Loopholes in International Regime of Use of Force “The Lasting Consequences of Iraq’s war (2013) in International law”

چکیده [English]

Abstract
The main focus of this study is to analyze the role and function of the United Nations’ Charter in the legal arguments provided by the US and UK during the invasion of Iraq in 2003.The consequences of justifying the invasion by refereeing to the UN Charter's rules on the use of force have also been discussed in the paper .Proving the illegality of the arguments proposed by US and UK, The study hypothesize that the multiple interpretations of the UN Charter on the one side and the Security Council's resistance toward accepting those interpretations on the other side have led major powers to a new conclusion. In this regard major powers try to justify their military interventions by resorting to ethical and humanitarian rules and pretending their obligation to the UN Charter and international order. The continuance of use of force could widen the current loopholes in the international regime of use of force in such a way that  remains almost no superiority for the principle of States' compliance with the UN Charter.
 
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Nations Charter
  • Use of Force
  • Iraq War
  • Self Defense
  • Aggression

منابع

الف. فارسی

دادمهر، هادی(1393)،«حقوق بین‌الملل در برابر روابط بین‌الملل؛ بررسی میان رشته‌ای مفهوم اعتبار»، فصلنامه مطالعات میان رشته‌ای در علوم انسانی، 6 (4)، 145-123

 

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