عنوان مقاله [English]
In the preceding years to Constitutional movement in Iran, the political thought was transferred from independent monarchy to constitutional monarchy due to the inability to govern the country. Therefore, the participation of people in public affairs was the ultimate way to survival and progression of the country in the constitutionalist thought. Moreover, the community and public (species) were recognized in debates. With respect to the advent of such unit, demand for participation in such generic, public unit was recognized. With the awakening and awareness of the public, the demand for participation in “the legislation and governance of respublica” was increased, being set as a “right and share”. In the aforementioned period of Iran’s Constitutionalism, and with respect to the advent of such new issue, a special category of law named Public Law was introduced as a new public law in Iran. In the present study, after explaining the first sign of advent of public and genre, and demand for participation in generic and public affairs, development of the concept was investigated as the origin of Public Law in Iran.